2016 Legislation - Traffic Safety Interests(Click on the title to see the entire bill. Bills are ordered by number)
Enacted Bills –
- SB201 - Montgomery, traffic camera enforcement, Act 2011-298, 2011 Reg. Sess., Act 2011-337, 2011 Reg. Sess., repealed; Act 2009-740, 2009 Reg. Sess., am'd. Relating to the City of Montgomery; to repeal Sections 1 to 13, inclusive, of Act 2011-298, 2011 Regular Session (Acts 2011, p. 554), and Sections 1 to 13, inclusive, Act 2011-337, 2011 Regular Session (Acts 2011, p. 610), relating to automatic photographic speeding enforcement systems to detect and record speeding violations by operators of motor vehicles; and to amend Sections 5 and 6 of Act 2009-740, 2009 Regular Session (Acts 2009, p. 2208), as further amended by Act 2011-298, 2011 Regular Session (Acts 2011, p. 554), and Act 2011-337, 2011 Regular Session (Acts 2011, p. 610), to make conforming changes.
- HB1 - Law enforcement officers, authorized to issue traffic citations at the scene of the crash for traffic offenses, under certain conditions, additional fines, Sec. 32-5-171 am'd. Under existing law, certain law enforcement officers may arrest a person at the scene of a traffic accident if the officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the person was driving under the influence of alcohol or a controlled substance. This bill would specify that a law enforcement officer may arrest a person subsequent to a traffic accident if there are reasonable grounds to believe that the person was driving under the influence. This bill would also authorize a law enforcement officer to issue a traffic citation subsequent to an accident to a driver involved in a traffic accident if, based on the personal investigation of the officer, there are reasonable grounds to believe that the person committed a traffic offense for which a citation may be written.
- HB11 - Drivers' licenses, renewal period, extended to 6 months prior to expiration, Sec. 32-6-1 am'd Under existing law, a person may renew a driver's license up to 30 days before the expiration date and until three years after the expiration of the license. This bill would allow a person to renew a driver's license beginning 180 days before the expiration date. This bill would also provide that a member of the U.S. Armed Forces under deployment would not be subject to the time limit.
- HB88 - Motor vehicles, truck weights, concrete mixing trucks, operation within 50 miles of home base, subject to maximum gross weight requirements, Sec. 32-9-20 am'd. Relating to motor vehicles; to amend Section 32-9-20 of the Code of Alabama 1975, as amended by Act 2015-325, relating to vehicle weight restrictions; to provide that a concrete mixing truck operating within 50 miles of home base would not be required to meet certain requirements relating to weight provided the vehicle does not exceed the maximum allowable gross weight.
Important Traffic Safety Related Legislation that was introduced but did not pass.
The following is a summary of relevant legislative items introduced during the 2016 session. These items may or may not be resubmitted in the next session:
· SB148 - Motor vehicles, seat belt use required for each occupant while vehicle is in motion, fine increased, distrib., Secs. 32-5B-4 am'd. Under existing law, the front seat occupant of a passenger car manufactured in compliance with Federal Motor Vehicle Standard No. 208 is required to have a safety belt fastened while the vehicle is in motion. Children under the age of 15 in a motor vehicle are required to wear a seat belt or be protected by another child passenger restraint system. This bill would require each occupant of a passenger motor vehicle to have a safety belt fastened while the vehicle is in motion.
· SB173 - Driver's licenses, penalties for violations of restrictions on Stage II driver's licenses, revised, Sec. 32-6-7.2 am'd.. Under existing law, a driver may obtain a graduated license, including a Stage I-learner's permit, Stage II-regular driver's license with restrictions based on age, and Stage III-unrestricted driver's license. Also under existing law, a violation of the restriction of a Stage II licensee is a traffic violation, but no points may be assessed for the violation. This bill would revise the penalties for a violation of the restrictions on a Stage II license, including revocation of the license and reversion to a Stage I license for a period of six months, would require the driver to revert to a Stage I license for a period of six months, would require the court to assess a fine of $250, plus court costs, and would provide for the assessment of two points. This bill would also provide that a parent, legal guardian, or other adult who knowingly allows a driver with a Stage I or Stage II license to drive a motor vehicle in violation of applicable restrictions is subject to a fine of $500, plus court costs.
· SB255 - Driving under the influence, criminal offense further defined, penalties further provided for, consideration of prior offenses expanded, Secs. 32-5A-191, 32-6-19 am'd. To amend Section 32-5A-191, Code of Alabama 1975, relating to driving under the influence of alcohol or controlled substances, to further define the offense; to prohibit a person from driving who has a measurable amount of specified substances in the person's body; to specify specific blood alcohol levels for drivers under the age of 21 and for those operating a school bus; to further provide for a minimum mandatory sentence for a fourth or subsequent violation; to remove the requirement that the court only consider a prior conviction within a five-year period; to further specify the timeframe for the release of persons arrested for driving under the influence; to reorganize provisions relating to driving under the influence, the suspension or revocation of driver licenses upon convictions, and ignition interlock requirements.
· HB225 - Motor vehicles, accidents, when no apparent physical injury driver authorized to move motor vehicle from roadway, authorize Department of Transportation employees to assist in moving disabled vehicle, immunity, Sec. 32-10-1 am'd. Under existing law, the driver of a motor vehicle involved in an accident resulting in injury to or death of any person or damage to a motor vehicle is required to immediately stop the vehicle and remain at the scene of the accident or as close as possible. This bill would authorize the driver of a vehicle to move a motor vehicle involved in an accident from the roadway when no apparent serious physical injury or death has occurred and would authorize employees of the Department of Transportation and the Alabama Law Enforcement Agency to require and assist in moving a disabled vehicle involved in an accident from the roadway on the state highway system. The bill would provide immunity to the departments for actions under the bill.
Note that (HB226) is no longer on the list. It belongs in the 2015 section. And it did not pass.