Unifying Alabama's Traffic Safety Efforts
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Impaired Driving


"In Alabama, more than 200 different state and local law enforcement agencies participated in the 2009 nationwide Drunk Driving. Over the Limit. Under Arrest. (DD.OTL.UA) crackdown, including roadblock checks, saturation and line patrols, and placing added emphasis on areas where a high number of alcohol-related and reckless driving crashes have occurred." - CAPS

NHTSA offers the following advice for not allowing DUI to ruin your life or the lives of those around you:
  • Whenever you plan on consuming alcohol, designate a sober driver before going out and give that person your keys;
  • If you’re impaired, call a taxi, use mass transit or call a sober friend or family member to get you home safely;
  • Promptly report drunk drivers you see on the roadways to law enforcement;
  • Wearing your safety belt while in a car or using a helmet and protective gear when on a motorcycle is your best defense against an impaired driver;
  • Friends Don’t Let Friends Drive Drunk. If you know someone who is about to drive or ride while impaired, take their keys and help them make other arrangements to get to where they are going safely.
For more information go to:
www.ghsa.org
https://responsibility.org/stop-impaired-driving/
IIHS Says Legalizing Recreational Marijuana Could Boost Crash Rates
The Washington Post: The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) says that studies by the Highway Loss Data Institute and researchers at the University of Texas at Austin point to an increase in crash risk in states that legalized the recreational use of pot.

The Highway Loss Data Institute — which, like the IIHS, is a nonprofit organization backed by insurance companies — reported in June that insurance companies received higher-than-expected collision claims in Colorado, Washington and Oregon after those states allowed people to buy marijuana for recreational purposes. The frequency of claims rose about 3 percent, compared with surrounding western states that continued to have laws on the books prohibiting recreational use of marijuana, the institute found.

                      

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Analysis of Impaired Driving in Alabama Using 2012-2016 Data
Click Here to View CAPS Anaylsis of Impaired Driving in Alabama Using 2012-2016 Data

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Evaluation of Responsible Beverage Service to Reduce Impaired Driving
NHTSA: Despite progress in reducing impaired driving, drivers 21 to 34 years old remain a particularly high-risk group for involvement in impaired-driving-related crashes. In 2014, 21-to 34-year-olds accounted for 42 percent of the impaired drivers (i.e., those with a blood alcohol concentration [BAC] of .08 grams per deciliter [g/dL] or greater) of all ages in fatal crashes and 30 percent of all drivers (drinking or not drinking) in fatal crashes. The proportion of drivers in fatal crashes in 2014 with BACs of .08 or greater for drivers 21 to 24 was 30 percent, followed by drivers 25 to 34 at 29 percent (National Center for Statistics and Analysis, 2015). Kennedy, Isaac, and Graham (1996) found that 70 percent of fatally injured male drinking drivers in the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) were 21 to 39 years, with 65 percent of them having a BAC of .15 or greater.

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Insurance Study Ties Legal Pot to Boost in Car Crash Claims
Fox News: The Highway Loss Data Institute, a leading insurance research group, said in study results released Thursday that collision claims in Colorado, Washington, and Oregon went up 2.7 percent in the years since legal recreational marijuana sales began when compared with surrounding states. Legal recreational pot sales in Colorado began in January 2014, followed six months later in Washington, and in October 2015 in Oregon.

"We believe that the data is saying that crash risk has increased in these states and those crash risks are associated with the legalization of marijuana," said Matt Moore, senior vice president with the institute, which analyzes insurance data to observe emerging auto-safety trends.

Click Here to Read More about the Study

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An Evaluation of Data from Drivers Arrested for DUI in Relation to Per se Limits for Cannabis

AAA: Cannabis is in the spotlight in the United States due to increased levels of acceptance of its use for medical treatment, and for recreational use. Increasingly, states are proposing changes to their laws through legislative action or voter initiative to decriminalize and legalize its use. One of the major concerns shared by both opponents and proponents of greater access to cannabis is its impact on driver performance and relationship to adverse effects on traffic safety. While the exact relationship between cannabis use and increased risk for crash involvement remains unclear, both sides recognize that the cognitive and psychomotor effects of cannabis use in the period immediately after use can impact vehicle control and judgment and present some risk for deterioration in driving performance. These concerns have led to a strong desire among lawmakers and traffic safety advocates to consider laws that criminalize cannabis-involved driving including laws that set a quantitative threshold for concentration ofdelta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary active component of cannabis, in a person’s blood. This threshold would constitute an offense per se in an effort to discourage cannabis-impaired driving. What that threshold should be is a subject of much debate, and this study was undertaken to determine whether data from the Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) program consisting of physiological indicators of drug use, and performance in roadside cognitive and psychomotor tests, supported any particular quantitative threshold for a per se law for THC.

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High Claims: Legalizing Recreational Marijuana Use is Linked to Increase in Crashes
Legalizing recreational marijuana use in Colorado, Oregon and Washington has resulted in collision claim frequencies that are about 3% higher overall than would have been expected without legalization, a new Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI) analysis shows. This is HLDI’s first look at how the legalization of marijuana since 2014 has affected crashes reported to insurers.

Click Here to Read More About this Report

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Impact of the Legalization and Decriminalization of Marijuana On the DWI System
The legalization and decriminalization of marijuana has received a great deal of media attention across the country, and many States are considering whether they should legalize marijuana for recreational or medical use. States need information about the impacts of laws that legalize or decriminalize the use of marijuana, including its impact on driving safety and the State’s driving while impaired (DWI) system.

Click Here to Read More about this Study

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Alcohol Abuse and Addiction Help
This is a new web link category that has been set up to help those who are addicted get help.  See the very bottom of this page.  We will tweet out any additions to it as they are made.  The first entry is The Recovery Village.

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2017 Labor Day Weekend Drunk Driving Prevention PEAK Campaign Materials

2017 National Drive Sober of Get Pulled Over Enforcement Mobilization

Drive Sober or Get Pulled OverPlease join thousands of law enforcement officers, State and local safety advocates, and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in this year's nationwide Labor Day Weekend drunk driving prevention mobilization from August 18 to September 4, 2017.

Research shows that high-visibility enforcement can reduce drunk driving fatalities by as much as 20%. This is why you are being given the 2017 Products for Enforcement Action Kit (PEAK) so you can maximize your participation in this year's high-visibility enforcement campaign.

arrow-10x10 Click here to get your PEAK materials now.
arrow-10x10 Click here to get additional enforcement marketing campaign materials.

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Drugged Driving Surpasses Drunken Driving in Deadly Crashes
Driving while on drugs was associated with more deaths in 2015 than driving with alcohol in one's system, a new report found. Still, some safety experts caution that drunken driving remains a bigger problem and say that "drugged driving," as the report refers to it, needs more research.

Positive drug tests were more common than the presence of alcohol among the fatally injured drivers who were tested in 2015, according to the report (PDF) "Drug-impaired Driving," released Wednesday by the Governors Highway Safety Association and the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility, a nonprofit funded by alcohol distillers.

Of those tested, 43% of motorists who died had drugs in their system, the report said. This number surpassed the 37% of motorists who died who tested positive for alcohol in the same year.

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Drug-Impaired Driving - A Guide for States
The GHSA (Governors Highway Safety Association) has released a study on drug-impaired driving and possible ways law-enforcement and legislature can assist with reducing drug-impaired driving. 



For the Complete Study, Click Here

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'Drugged Driving' Surpasses Drunken Driving among drivers Killed in Crashes, Report Finds
According to a new report, driving on drugs was related to more deaths in 2015 than driving on alcohol.  In the report 43% or motorist who died had drugs in their system, compared to the 37% of drivers who died with alcohol in their body.  This raises new concerns about new marijuana laws as the drug continues to be legalized throughout the United States.

To Read more from CNN, Click Here

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Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids
Evidence regarding the short- and long-term health effects of cannabis use remains elusive. While a myriad of studies have examined cannabis use in all its various forms, often these research conclusions are not appropriately synthesized, translated for, or communicated to policy makers, health care providers, state health officials, or other stakeholders who have been charged with influencing and enacting policies, procedures, and laws related to cannabis use. Unlike other controlled substances such as alcohol or tobacco, no accepted standards for safe use or appropriate dose are available to help guide individuals as they make choices regarding the issues of if, when, where, and how to use cannabis safely and, in regard to therapeutic uses, effectively. 

For the complete National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine report, Click Here

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Transportation Department Will Investigate Marijuana-Impaired Driving
The DoT has been tasked with coming up with a marijuana intoxication limit.

Last month, President Obama signed the $305 billion Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act into law, providing funding and new regulations for the country's aging highways. This law has special significance for medical and recreational pot users, as it requires the government to investigate “marijuana as a causal factor in traffic crashes” and set a legal limit for driving under the influence of marijuana.

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Visit the Alcohol Awareness Web Site
From the web site: Why would you drive drunk? You have to get somewhere? Okay, call a cab. Download the Uber app. Get a hold of a friend. Take a bus. Walk. Other options exist, none of which kill 27 people a day.

Drunk Driving is the last thing you should do. Saying you’re a good drunk driver is like saying you’re good at potentially killing someone. Still feel you need some convincing? Read on and learn about the grueling statistics regarding drunk driving and about what drinking physically does to a driver of a vehicle.

Click Here to Read More

Click Here to View the Alcohol Awareness Website

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Lives Saved in 2015 by Minimum-Drinking-Age Laws
NHTSA:An estimated 537 lives were also saved due to minimum-drinking-age laws.



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Law Enforcement launches "Drive Sober or Get Pulled Over" campaign
WSFA: Law enforcement in every state and most cities are cracking down on drunk driving with the launch of The "Drive Sober or get Pulled Over" campaign.

State Troopers will be out in force from now until Labor Day, September 5, and will have a zero tolerance for drunk driving. In that time period drivers can expect increased check-points and more patrol cars on the road.


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Survey of DWI Courts
The U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has released a fact sheet that details court programs that handle both driving while intoxicated (DWI) and drug offenders in order to find out information about participants, the courts’ capacity to serve offenders, and the effects of the courts’ treatment and supervision.

Click Here to View the PDF

Example extract: Table 1 is a national summary of participants in the two programs.

                

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2014 Data: State Alcohol-Impaired-Driving Estimates
NHTSA: Of the 32,675 motor vehicle traffic fatalities in 2014, there were 9,967 people (31%) killed in alcohol-impaired-driving crashes where at least one driver had a BAC of .08g/dL or higher. The following States had the highest percentages: Massachusetts (41%), North Dakota (41%), Texas (41%), and Delaware (40%).

                   

Read More Here

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Safety Agency Works to Reduce Drunken Driving After FAST Act
NHTSA: Alcohol-impaired driving resulted in nearly 10,000 deaths in 2014 and took a $44 billion economic toll. There was also a 9.3 percent increase in highway crash fatalities during the first nine months of 2015 compared to the previous year, which stepped up pressure on lawmakers to include a number of safety provisions in the transportation bill.



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An Evaluation of Data from Drivers Arrested for Driving Under the Influence of Marijuana
AAA: Cannabis is in the spotlight in the United States due to increased levels of acceptance of its use for medical treatment, and for recreational use. Increasingly, states are proposing changes to their laws through legislative action or voter initiative to decriminalize and legalize its use.

Read More About This Study Here

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Most Recent Minutes of the Alabama Impaired Driving Prevention Council
Click Here to see the Minutes from the May Meeting

Click Here to see the Minutes from the March Meeting

Click Here to see the Impaired Driving Strategic Plan 2014-2016

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