Unifying Alabama's Traffic Safety Efforts
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Pedestrians
Making Our Streets and Communities Safer and More Healthy

USDOT Transportation.gov: "It’s the most basic form of transportation, the one available to most of us regardless of age, the size of our bank accounts, or access to other options. It’s non-polluting, builds community cohesion and can dampen crime. And it’s something almost all of us could use far more of. In fact, it is tough to find a social, economic, or ecological problem it couldn’t help to address. Yet for too many Americans, walking remains far more perilous than it should be.For the second year in a row, traffic deaths across the U.S. have spiked amid low gas prices, a recovering economy, lax laws and enforcement, and ever-increasing distractions. While this statistic is alarming, America Walks finds another development especially shocking: pedestrian fatalities are now

For the second year in a row, traffic deaths across the U.S. have spiked amid low gas prices, a recovering economy, lax laws and enforcement, and ever-increasing distractions. While this statistic is alarming, America Walks finds another development especially shocking: pedestrian fatalities are now outpacing traffic-related fatalities involving all other modes."

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Discussion Guide for Automated and Connected Vehicles, Pedestrians, and Bicyclists
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center: Pedestrians and bicyclists are a powerful indicator of the social and economic health and safety of a community. A high level of pedestrian and bicycle activity in a community is often associated with more robust economies and healthier, more socially-cohesive populations, while a lack of pedestrian and bicycle activity on roadways can be an indicator that personal security and safety needs are not being met or that destinations cannot be accessed on foot or by bike (PBIC, n.d.).

Presently, technology innovations are disrupting the status quo and reshaping the ways in which people travel. Auto manufacturers are offering new vehicle automation technologies in an effort to improve safety, ease the driving task, and appeal to car buyers. At the same time, nontraditional entities—such as technology firms like Google, Uber, and nuTonomy—are adopting new roles in the transportation arena, advancing shared mobility services and hastening the speed of automation technology development. As vehicle technologies become more automated, navigation around and interactions with pedestrians and bicyclists in complex travel environments will determine their success.

Public uptake of automated vehicles on a large scale basis will not happen until pedestrian and bicycle safety issues are addressed. Despite this fact, pedestrian and bicyclist safety and health issues are not at the forefront of automated vehicle discussions and research. For example, a January 2017 content analysis of 432 United States (U.S.) and international articles related to automated vehicle issues identified fewer than 20 that discussed pedestrian or bicycle topics, either briefly or in depth (Cavoli, 2017).

This paper presents ten key challenge areas that need to be at the center of automated vehicle

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Establishing Procedures and Guidelines for Pedestrian Treatments at Uncontrolled Locations
Pedestrians are the most vulnerable road users. The risks to pedestrians crossing at uncontrolled locations are much higher than at signalized intersections. There has been an increasing trend in pedestrian deaths during the past decade. Specifically, pedestrian fatality as percent of total fatalities indicates an increasing trend in a ten-year period from 2005 to 2014. Several research projects funded by both federal and state transportation agencies have attempted to identify effective strategies for improving pedestrian safety within their jurisdictions. However, very little research was conducted on pedestrian safety at uncontrolled locations in Illinois. 

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USDOT - Pedestrian and Bike Risk Exposure
The USDOT has released a report that describes the methods used to estimate and evaluate exposure risk in pedestrian and bicyclist safety analyses.  One definition of a risk was the measure of the probability of a crash to occur given exposure to potential crash events.

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USDOT - Supporting Safe and Complete Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks
The US Department on Transportation has released a policy guide in hopes of increasing safety for bikes and pedestrians.This policy guidebook provides local and state agencies with the tools to create a solid policy platform to support the creation of multimodal transportation networks for users of all ages and abilities.

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Pedestrian Fatalities Projected to Surge 11% in 2016
There are many possible factors contributing to this spike. As economic conditions improve and gas prices remain low, the U.S. has seen an increase in motor vehicle miles traveled. At the same time, a growing number of Americans are choosing to travel by foot for health, transportation, economic or environmental reasons.

Another potential factor is a sharp rise in the use of smartphones to send and receive multimedia messages, a frequent source of mental and visual distraction for both walkers and drivers.

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Laying the Foundation for Vehicle-to-Pedestrian Communications
When a car hits a pedestrian, the pedestrian takes the full brunt of the severe and sometimes fatal injuries. Between 2014 and 2015, pedestrian fatalities in the U.S. increased by 9.5 percent.

Vehicle-to-pedestrian (V2P) communications can help avoid impacts or reduce the consequences when light vehicles—10,000 pounds or less—collide with pedestrians.

Volpe experts analyzed data from national crash databases that code hundreds of thousands of real crashes to help the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) understand the scenarios that lead up to vehicle-pedestrian crashes and how V2P technology can help avoid them.

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NHTSA Sets 'Quiet Car' Safety Standard to Protect Pedestrians
The U.S. Department of Transportation's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) today announced that it is adding a sound requirement for all newly manufactured hybrid and electric light-duty vehicles to help protect pedestrians. The new federal safety standard will help pedestrians who are blind, have low vision, and other pedestrians detect the presence, direction and location of these vehicles when they are traveling at low speeds, which will help prevent about 2,400 pedestrian injuries each year once all hybrids in the fleet are properly equipped.

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America Walks: September 2016 Newsletter
September 2016: America Walks Heads to Vancouver for Pro Walk/Pro Bike/Pro Place

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Road User Behaviors at Pedestrian Hybrid Beacons
The pedestrian hybrid beacon (PHB) - or high-intensity activated crosswalk (HAWK), as it is known in Tuscon, AZ - is a traffic control device used at pedestrian crossings. The treatment typically has the crosswalk marked on only one of the major road approaches. The PHB's vehicular display faces are generally located on mast arms over the major approaches to an intersection and in some locations on the roadside.

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Pothole Detection for the Visually Impaired
A prototype for a detection system that uses a camera paired with lasers to spot potholes and other potential surface hazards has been developed to help visually impaired pedestrians.       

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