FHWA Crash Cost Estimates by Roadway Type and Speed Limits
This paper presents estimates for the economic (human capital) and comprehensive costs per crash for six KABCO groupings within 22 selected crash types and within two speed limit categories (<=72 km/h (<=45 mi/h) and >=80 km/h (>= 50 mi/h)). The comprehensive costs include nonmonetary losses. To produce these cost estimates, previously developed costs per victim keyed on the AIS injury severity scale were merged into U.S. traffic crash data files that scored injuries in both AIS and KABCO scales to produce per crash estimates. The detailed estimates of this study make it possible to include crash severity comparisons in the analysis of different types of crashes by attaching costs to them and to do so in 2001 dollars.